Expert-Level Explanation

WebSockets provide a way to establish a persistent, two-way communication channel between a client and a server over a single, long-lived connection. Unlike traditional HTTP requests that are stateless and close after a response, WebSockets allow for real-time data transfer without the need to repeatedly open and close connections.

Creative Explanation

WebSockets are like having a direct phone line between two people, allowing for continuous conversation (data transfer) without hanging up and redialing after each sentence. This contrasts with traditional methods like sending separate letters (HTTP requests) for each message.

Practical Explanation with Code

JavaScript does not provide a direct way to implement WebSockets in a few lines of code since it involves both client-side and server-side setups. However, on the client side, it can be as simple as:

const socket = new WebSocket('ws://example.com/socket');
socket.onmessage = function(event) {
    console.log('Message from server', event.data);

Real-world Example

Imagine a stock trading floor where information needs to be relayed instantly and continuously. WebSockets are like the traders' headsets, allowing them to communicate in real-time without delay.